Causes of Sensitive Teeth
Do you ever experience dental pain when eating ice cream or drinking something cold, or drinking something hot such as coffee? If so, you may have Dentin Hypersensitivity, also called Sensitive Teeth.
The part of your tooth above the gum line is called the crown. If you have healthy teeth, a layer of hard enamel covers and protects the crown. Beneath the gum line is a layer called cementum which protects the root of the tooth. Dentin lies beneath both the crown and the cementum.
It is not as dense as enamel or cementum and contains tubules (hollow tubes). When enamel or cementum is damaged or worn, the dentin loses its outer protection and the tubules can allow heat and cold to reach the nerves. Dentin can also be exposed if the gums have receded.
The causes of Sensitive Teeth can include the following:
- Cracked or fractured teeth
- Worn or eroded fillings
- Gum disease
- Worn or decayed enamel
- Exposed tooth roots
Treatment for Sensitive Teeth
If you are experiencing tooth or gum sensitivity, the first thing you should do is come in and see our dentist to have a thorough exam so as to determine the cause and see if any intervention is needed.
You may have a cavity or damage to a tooth that may only require a filling or a crown. If the sensitivity is more severe and unable to be treated by these types of treatments, a root canal could possibly be needed to completely stop the problem.
Gingivitis, which is an inflammation of the gums, may be causing the sensitivity. Periodontitis is gum disease which has progressed, could also be the culprit. Treatment may require an overall deep cleaning or an oral debridement, depending on how far the gum disease has progressed.
A fluoride gel can also be applied in-office which helps to strengthen the tooth enamel which can then reduce unpleasant sensations associated with hot or cold foods.
Practicing good oral hygiene and coming in for regular check-ups are the best cure for sensitive teeth and other dental issues. We do realize that not everyone has been able to have access to regular and quality dental care and we are here to help, whatever your dental needs may be.
Southtown Dental Group is Here to Help!
The Southtown Dental Group team have been servicing happy patients for nearly two decades, and welcome you to our practice. We specialize in serving families with high-quality, affordable dental care. If you are looking for great care, quality service, and a friendly atmosphere, Southtown Dental is the right choice for you! Let us tell you more about us.
If you are interested in a consultation or one of our cosmetic dentistry procedures, please schedule an appointment with us online or call us at 210-227-0101.